LEPROSY CRISIS IN INDIA
Imagine having a disease that negatively impacted every aspect of your life in a major way.
If the cure to that disease were available and free, could anything stop you from seeking it?
LEPROSY CRISIS IN INDIA
Imagine having a disease that negatively impacted every aspect of your life in a major way. If the cure to that disease were available and free, could anything stop you from seeking it?
WHAT WE’RE UP AGAINST
The number of new leprosy cases in India by the end of 2016
The estimated number of Indians now permanently disfigured by leprosy
The estimated number of leprosy colonies within India, today
UNDERSTANDING THE DISEASE
Leprosy is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium leprae. This slow-moving bacterium can sometimes take up to 20 years in the body before symptoms of leprosy show, although the average incubation period is usually around 5 years.
Once a person is infected with M. leprae the bacteria spreads through the body. It affects the skin, nerves, eyes, and other mucous membranes near the body’s openings.
Because leprosy affects the nerves, if it is left untreated it can lead to serious loss of feeling or sensation. Injuries such as burns or cuts may go unnoticed because there are no pain signals to warn an individual of harm to his or her body.
This loss of sensation in the extremities can lead to greater risk of severe infection, and can lead to the shortening of toes and fingers which is due to re-absorption. Other serious signs of advanced and untreated leprosy may include paralysis and crippling of hands and feet, extreme light-sensitivity, blindness, loss of eyebrows, nose disfigurement, and skin ulcers.
HOW CONTAGIOUS IS LEPROSY?
Most experts agree that 95% of the world’s population is genetically immune to the disease. Of those who remain, in order for a person to contract leprosy, he or she would need to spend many months in close contact with an infected individual in order to get the disease.
It is important to note, however, that one cannot get leprosy from casual contact such as shaking hands, hugging, or sitting next to someone.
In addition, as soon as a patient starts treatment, he or she is no longer able to spread the disease.
The good news is that leprosy is curable.
In 1873, Norwegian scientist Dr. Gerhard-Henrik Armauer Hansen discovered Mycobacterium leprae, which is the infectious bacterium that causes leprosy (because of this, the disease is also known as Hansen’s disease). It took doctors and scientists over 70 years to develop the first treatments for this ancient disease.
The standard treatment consists of a combination of antibiotic drugs known as multidrug therapy – or MDT. Currently, the World Health Organization provides free of charge to all patients in countries where leprosy is common. More than 16 million leprosy patients have been treated with MDT over the past 20 years.
Early detection is crucial. While this treatment does cure leprosy and prevents further damage, it cannot reverse the effects of permanent nerve damage or disfigurations that occur before treatment is administered. If caught early enough, leprosy can be stopped before it ravages a body and ruins a life.
The results we’re seeing are
powerful and encouraging.
The results we’re seeing are powerful and encouraging.
Take a look at how our three-pronged approach is making an impact.
RISING ABOVE STIGMA
Imagine being required to leave your loved ones, friends, and losing your job because of a diagnosis. Opportunities and a way of life are no longer available to you. The lives of your children, if you are fortunate to have any, will be forever changed. You are considered “untouchable” and “unclean”. Even doctors refuse to help you.
Leprosy is curable. Even so, people who have contracted leprosy must often spend their lives completely isolated from society, even after they have received medications that cure the disease.
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